DMA Dialogues | Sierra Leone – Disaster Risk Management Diagnostic Note
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Sierra Leone – Disaster Risk Management Diagnostic Note

World Bank

Sierra Leone – Disaster Risk Management Diagnostic Note

Sierra Leone is prone to natural hazards
such as floods, landslides, tropical storms, coastal
erosion, and droughts that cause severe economic damage and
loss of lives with disproportionate effects on the poorest
and most vulnerable. Climate change and underlying
socioeconomic factors, such as the increase in urban
population exposed to disasters, poverty, and low levels of
economic development will most likely aggravate the impact
of adverse natural events in the future. These further
strains the coping capacity of Sierra Leone as a country
which is still recovering from the Ebola outbreak of
2014-2016 and the current Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
Epidemics and other health-related risks including cholera
and dengue fever outbreaks in the aftermath of floods are
another key concern, as evidenced by the fact that between
1980 and 2010, epidemics were the deadliest hazard in Sierra
Leone, responsible for deaths due to disasters. This
diagnostic note focuses on the disaster risk management in
Sierra Leone as of 2020.